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Geography

Geography is the study of people, places and environments and the interactions between them. In a global world, it is important for children to learn about how both human and physical processes can affect landscapes and environments, deepening their understanding of the world around them. Through the geography curriculum at Buckingham Park, children will learn about the Earth's key physical and human processes, developing their geographical vocabulary and important geographical skills such as using maps, globes and compasses.

The early learning goals at EYFS aim to guide  children to make sense of their physical world and their community by exploring, observing, and finding out about people, places, technology and the environment.

In Years 1 and 2, children will  begin to develop a geographical vocabulary by learning about where they live, as well as one other small area of the United Kingdom and a small area in a contrasting non-European country. They will learn about weather patterns in the United Kingdom and hot and cold areas of the world. They will use ICT, world maps, atlases and globes, simple compass directions, aerial photographs and plans, as well as simple fieldwork and observational skills. 

 

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In Years 3 to 6, the geography curriculum retains some flexibility, and builds and expands on previous knowledge. There are three focus areas:

  • Locational knowledge
  • Place knowledge
  • Human and physical geography

Locational knowledge examines latitude, longitude and time zones. Your child will use maps to focus on Europe, North and South America, concentrating on regions, key physical / human characteristics, countries, and major cities. They will also work on locating the counties and cities of the United Kingdom, and start to explore their human and physical characteristics.

Children also examine geographical similarities and differences by comparing the geography of a region of the United Kingdom with a region in a European country, and with a region in either North or South America. This is part of the place knowledge aspect of the curriculum.

For human and physical geography, children will be taught to describe and understand key aspects of geography, for example: climate zones, rivers, mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes, the water cycle, types of settlement, economic activity and the distribution of natural resources.

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