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Mathematics at Buckingham

At Buckingham, we ensure that the teaching and learning of maths is exciting and enjoyable, and enables children to develop confidence and a positive attitude towards this area of the curriculum.  We strive to equip all our children with the skills and knowledge they need to use maths effectively and be able to live, work and succeed in a numerical world. We believe that maths should be fun and relevant to real life situations, whenever possible. For this reason, we ensure maths is practical and set in meaningful contexts to promote its importance in everyday life. We teach children a range of strategies to solve different problems and equip them with knowledge and independence to choose the most appropriate method and equipment to solve the problem.

Maths in Reception

In early years, maths learning and development is implemented through planned, purposeful play and through a mixture of adult-led and child-initiated activity. Play is used as an essential part of children’s development, building their confidence as they learn to explore and think about maths in different contexts.  As the year progresses, more adult-led activities are introduced in preparation for the more formal maths learning in Year 1.

Children learn to count reliably with numbers from 1 to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing. Using everyday language, children learn to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems. They recognise, create and describe patterns. They explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.

Key Stage 1
In Key Stage 1, children are taught maths through a mixture of whole class and small group activities. They are given many opportunities to develop their knowledge and understanding of mathematics through practical activity, exploration and discussion. Learning to count, read, write and order numbers to 100 and beyond, they develop a range of mental calculation skills and use these confidently in different settings. They learn about shape and space through practical activity which builds on their understanding of their immediate environment. Encouraged to use mathematical language, they talk about their methods and explain their reasoning when solving problems.

Key Stage 2
During this Key Stage, the children learn to use the number system more confidently. Using all four number operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, they learn to calculate fluently.The children learn to tackle problems using mental strategies when appropriate; however they are taught how to use reliable and efficient written strategies to approach more complex and demanding calculations. Throughout the Key Stage, the children explore features of shape and space and develop their measuring skills in a range of contexts. They discuss and present their methods and reasoning using a wider range of mathematical language, diagrams and charts.


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